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The construction of the Domus Aurea (the Golden House) was considered as one of the most crazy enterprises of Rome history.
When two thirds of Rome were burnt down by the big fire in 64 AD, emperor Nero (54-68 AD) used the free space for a new accommodation. The architects have done all possible things to satisfy his megalomania. The accommodation had to cover four districts. The palace itself radiated a tremendous luxury.
The most important part was a large rectangle at the Oppius hill where the four corner parts covered the four districts. The rooms, halls and corridors were abundantly decorated with gold, silver and precious stones. The eastern wing of the accommodation was used for public receptions. The western wing was the house of Nero. It was said that it had a round dining-room, which turned around day and night, inspired by the revolutions of the earth.
Near by the entrance of the Domus Aurea stood a gigantic statue of Nero, the Colossus Neronis. It was a bronze statue of a male with a height of 37,2 meters and carved by the Greek Zenodoros. This monstrosity was built in imitation of the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The colossus was affixed with the heads of several emperors before Hadrian moved it to the Amphitheatrum Flavium. This building took the name Colosseum in the Middle Ages, so called after the statue outside of it. The name stuck and is used to this day.Visit the Domus Aurea at RomeGuide.it